Different separation technologies
There are various methods to separate liquid phases and solids from liquids. Two most common technologies are centrifugal separation and filtration. Decanters and disc stack separators (also referred to as centrifuges) are both centrifugal separators. In many processes both decanters, discs stack separators and filters are used, in different stages of the process - or even used in series - to achieve the required separation result.
Decanter centrifuges remove large particles from slurries or liquids with a high concentration of solids as well as separate two liquid phases of varying densities by means of centrifugal force.
Disc stack centrifuges uses centrifugal force to separate liquids with a lower concentration of solids and relatively small particle sizes. It is highly suitable for separating two liquid phases as well as a solids phase.
Membrane filters typically handle low solids concentrations and capture the smallest particles. Membrane filters typically remove particles up to 1 micron is size, in liquids where the solids content is 5% or less.
Ranges of each technology
- Decanters (liquids containing 15% or more solids + particle size is greater than 10 micron)
- Filters (liquids with solids content of 5% or less + particle size is less than 1 micron)
- Disc stack centrifuges (liquids with solids below 25% + particle size between 0.1 micron and 150 micron
- Membrane filters (liquids with up to 5% solids concentrations + particle size up to 1 micron
Tehnologije separacije od suštinskog su značaja za širok spektar industrija - od hrane, pića i farmacije do pomorske i energetske preko vode i tretmana otpada. Koriste se različite tehnologije za separaciju tečnosti od tečnosti i čvrstih materija od tečnosti sa ciljem stvaranja čistijih supstanci, vrednih nusproizvoda i manje količine otpada za odlaganje.